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在这篇文章中没有真正争论过什么,只是分享了一些我发现的关于俄罗斯富裕阶层的有趣统计数据(与金砖四国和其他国家相比)。

首先,众所周知,俄罗斯以 丰裕 其中寡头。 但 根据 研究公司Wealth-X的亿万富翁人数相对较高,但其超高净值人士(UHNW)的总体份额要小得多,如下表所示。 占GDP的百分比(警告:这是在比较苹果和橙子,但仍具有启发性,因为国家财富与年产量相关。俄罗斯超高净值人士的财富相当于43年1.5吨国内生产总值的2010%(相比之下,中国为28%,中国为43%在巴西,美国为44%,在印度为55%)。

因此,与收入不平等的情况一样(正如我之前在此博客中所指出的那样,按世界标准衡量,俄罗斯的不平等程度实际上并不高),基尼系数约为40,高于大多数欧洲国家(25- 35),但低于美国和中国(45)和大多数拉丁美洲国家(50+)。



现在,俄罗斯超级富豪的真正独特之处在于,亿万富翁在超高净值人士中所占的比例很高-大约为7%,而其他国家约为1%。 这些亿万富翁控制着该集团总财富的84%,而巴西和中国为33%,美国为25%,印度为20%。

俄罗斯的财富集中在最顶端的是好是坏? 很难说。 这最终取决于您对上层中产阶级的优点及其价值的看法。 如果您认为它可以增强社会稳定并带来经济活力,那么这就是一个弱点。 另一方面,如果限制阶级制度的出现和增强国家政权的重要性被认为很重要,那么俄罗斯的结构就会更好(毕竟,影响100个奇特的亿万富翁比跟踪成千上万的百万富翁更容易)。

我注意到的一件有趣的事情(令人费解?)是,瑞典似乎拥有类似的财富所有权结构。 这个9万的国家 有10位亿万富翁 –几乎是法国(12)或意大利(13)的两倍,后者的人口是美国的六到七倍,人均几乎是美​​国的两倍。 考虑到它是世界上最平等的国家之一,这给百万富翁阶层留下了很小的空间(我想这是因为它的高所得税率是有道理的)。

第二,我在拖钓 福布斯2011年俄罗斯亿万富翁名单 并算出了普京朋友的财富(Gunvor的Gennady Timchenko,石油运输公司和Yury Kovalchuk的银行业务通过Ozero dacha合作社;以及建筑公司的Arkady Rotenberg, 有争议的希姆基路线 –通过柔道)。 在8.1亿美元的总额中,这一数字达到了约432.7亿美元。

当然,这是一个非常舒适的数目,但并不能真正支持普京朋友正在腐败地购买俄罗斯大部分经济这一经常出现的兜售路线。 毫无疑问,季姆琴科等。 他们的部分或大部分财富是“不公平地”获得的(我认为他们一旦退休,就会期望他们将某些恩惠返还给普京公司),但这确实是现存的资本主义 世界上大多数地方 为你。

*对那些获得Pelevin参考的人表示敬意。

(从重新发布 崇高的遗忘 经作者或代表的许可)
 
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  1. Did you know that you can put yourself on a list to purchase one of those cute bonsai giraffes that the oligarchs love so much? They are bred at the Sokolovsky farm. Very expensive, though….
    http://www.petitelapgiraffe.com/

    • 回复: @Anatoly Karlin
    @雅兰

    They are for real!?!!?!

    Wow. That there's a market for them shows that the oligarch class is far more degenerate than even I thought possible.

    回复:@kirill

  2. An explanation of Russia’s wealth distribution could be that the oligarchs “earned” it while in Brazil etc. they inherited it.

  3. @Yalensis
    Did you know that you can put yourself on a list to purchase one of those cute bonsai giraffes that the oligarchs love so much? They are bred at the Sokolovsky farm. Very expensive, though....
    http://www.petitelapgiraffe.com/

    回复:@Anatoly Karlin

    They are for real!?!!?!

    Wow. That there’s a market for them shows that the oligarch class is far more degenerate than even I thought possible.

    • 回复: @kirill
    @Anatoly卡琳

    I think that whole website is a prop for the commercial. Pygmyization would not lead to such a radical change in size and most importantly would not produce a perfect scaling of all features.

    Replies: @Yalensis, @Anatoly Karlin

  4. @Anatoly Karlin
    @雅兰

    They are for real!?!!?!

    Wow. That there's a market for them shows that the oligarch class is far more degenerate than even I thought possible.

    回复:@kirill

    I think that whole website is a prop for the commercial. Pygmyization would not lead to such a radical change in size and most importantly would not produce a perfect scaling of all features.

    • 回复: @Yalensis
    @kirill

    You doubt these creatures exist, you cynic? If you read the website, you will learn that that the Sokoblovsky Farm has been "Russia's finest purveyors of petite lap giraffes since 1908." Hm... Now that I think about it, during Stalin period, the farm (and giraffes) would have been collectivized... No matter, I am SURE they must exist. I also believe in unicorns and giant turtles who are experts in martial arts...

    , @Anatoly Karlin
    @kirill

    回复:@Anonymous

  5. @kirill
    @Anatoly卡琳

    I think that whole website is a prop for the commercial. Pygmyization would not lead to such a radical change in size and most importantly would not produce a perfect scaling of all features.

    Replies: @Yalensis, @Anatoly Karlin

    You doubt these creatures exist, you cynic? If you read the website, you will learn that that the Sokoblovsky Farm has been “Russia’s finest purveyors of petite lap giraffes since 1908.” Hm… Now that I think about it, during Stalin period, the farm (and giraffes) would have been collectivized… No matter, I am SURE they must exist. I also believe in unicorns and giant turtles who are experts in martial arts…

  6. @kirill
    @Anatoly卡琳

    I think that whole website is a prop for the commercial. Pygmyization would not lead to such a radical change in size and most importantly would not produce a perfect scaling of all features.

    Replies: @Yalensis, @Anatoly Karlin

    • 回复: @Anonymous
    @Anatoly卡琳

    借调。

    回复:@kurt

  7. @Anatoly Karlin
    @kirill

    回复:@Anonymous

    借调。

    • 回复: @kurt
    @匿名的

    They are too small, but I'm sure Stalin would have liked them. My great uncle for example was allowed to still run his tobacco plantation in communist Romania because they needed his cigars for diplomacy. So I think there'll have been similar arrangements in the Soviet Union. However, it's a great marketing idea, if I were them I would sell stuffed toys for the less affluent :)

  8. @Anonymous
    @Anatoly卡琳

    借调。

    回复:@kurt

    They are too small, but I’m sure Stalin would have liked them. My great uncle for example was allowed to still run his tobacco plantation in communist Romania because they needed his cigars for diplomacy. So I think there’ll have been similar arrangements in the Soviet Union. However, it’s a great marketing idea, if I were them I would sell stuffed toys for the less affluent 🙂

  9. After I watched the video above, I was very surprised because it did not believe there is a giraffe as small as it is, is it real or just a contrived? because in my country there is no small giraffe. Please send me the explanation that I not be curious anymore. thanks

    • 回复: @Anatoly Karlin
    @匿名的

    No, it's not real. :)

  10. @Anonymous
    After I watched the video above, I was very surprised because it did not believe there is a giraffe as small as it is, is it real or just a contrived? because in my country there is no small giraffe. Please send me the explanation that I not be curious anymore. thanks

    回复:@Anatoly Karlin

    No, it’s not real. 🙂

  11. Hilarious video. Love that gold-plated TV remote. I wish giraffes that size did exist but they would lose their long necks and legs and come out looking like those miniature Falabella horses that are bred in Argentina.

    There used to be prehistoric dwarf elephants and mammoths so it wouldn’t be impossible for someone to breed miniature tame versions of Asian elephants for the oligarchs, small enough for children to ride or to put on a leash and go for walks.

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