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迈克尔·哈德森(Michael Hudson)在2015年具有里程碑意义的一本书“杀死主人”(Killing the Host)中,揭示了金融,保险和房地产帝国如何通过新自由主义占领全球经济,并将我们推向新封建主义。 迈克尔回到展览中,描述为什么当前的全球经济衰退是贪婪,裙带政治和贪婪的金融的结果–如果我们要走这条路,我们必须做些什么。 在一个非常积极的音符上,它表明人民并没有放下所有这一切,艾伦与加州新基础设施银行法案AB 310背后的团队成员进行了会谈,这可能为加快实施新州公众树立了全国榜样银行。

EHB-Michael Hudson访谈– IOM节目#132.mp3,20年2020月XNUMX日。

https://itsourmoney.podbean.com/e/it-s-our-money-with-ellen-brown-killing-the-host/

艾伦·布朗(Ellen Brown):[00:00:00]我今天的客人是迈克尔·哈德森博士,我们很高兴能加入我们的公共银行学院顾问委员会,他确实应该为美联储和财政部提供建议,但是贝莱德似乎得到这份工作。 里根前任财政部长助理保罗·克雷格·罗伯茨(Paul Craig Roberts)称迈克尔·哈德森(Michael Hudson)是地球上最伟大的经济学家。 他是华尔街金融分析师,堪萨斯城密苏里大学经济学教授,并撰写了两本以上的著作,其中包括 杀死主机 还有一个叫... 宽恕他们的债务,这两者在今天特别重要。 迈克尔,很高兴与您交谈。

迈克尔·哈德森:[00:00:43]很高兴回来,艾伦。

艾伦·布朗:[00:00:45]谢谢。 因此,您最近在《华盛顿邮报》上写道,电晕病毒的爆发是一种思想扩展活动,使迄今无法想象的解决方案变得可行。 无法偿还的债务不会。 禧年也许是最好的出路。 因此,对于从未听过您之前对此进行解释的任何人,您能否解释一下债务周年纪念意味着什么,为什么这可能是最好的出路,而真正的危机是最好的出路呢?

迈克尔·哈德森(Michael Hudson):[00:01:21]嗯,自第二次世界大战以来,债务问题一直在加剧。 自1945年以来的每一次经济复苏,每一个商业周期都是从更高的债务水平开始的。 大多数人以为他们从债务中致富,因为大多数银行信贷(占银行贷款的80%)是抵押贷款。 它们是针对房地产的。 银行寻求扩大市场,并越来越多地借贷房地产。 在1960年代,当我第一次买房时,您必须偿还债务才能吸收不超过收入的25%。 您必须支付房屋价格的30%。 因此,基本上,一所房子值得银行贷出的一切。

但是,到了2008年经济崩溃之时(或更确切地说,是金融体系崩溃之时),银行以零首付的方式发放贷款。 您不需要30%。 支付抵押贷款负担得起的要求(占收入的25%)超出了要求。 不管您在做什么,银行都会贷出任何数量的钱。 甚至不必支付利息。 不用在您偿还银行30年后就拥有房屋的自负摊还抵押贷款,而是在30年之后再偿还银行的钱,而您根本不会拥有更多的财产,因为您将不需付款任何摊销。

因此,基本上,银行对房屋借出了很多钱,使房屋价格膨胀到很高的价格,以至于在支付了抵押贷款费用之后–或者,如果您买不起房,如果您是房客–在偿还债务之后还有信用卡债务,其他债务,以及支付了保险费用和税金之后,除了基本的食品,衣物和运输费用外,您实际上没有多少钱可以用于生产的基本商品和服务。

因此,当病毒爆发时,经济已经可以继续增长,已经达到了一个目标。 对于95%的人口,经济在2008年停止增长,当时奥巴马纾困了银行,将所有坏账留在了原地。 自2008年以来,GDP的所有增长(国民收入的所有增长)仅累计了最富有的95%人口。 这意味着对于XNUMX%的人口来说,经济根本没有增长。 它在缩小。

问题是,如果将所有债务还本付息,如果将所有债务金字塔状的住房都留在原地,您将如何成长? 债券和股票的价格如此之高,以至于它们不再产生退休收入。 到今年年初,经济已经达到了一个点,它必须选择要么偿还所有债务,要么继续将收入的增长支付到基本上是债权人和金融阶层的XNUMX%,或者减记债务并让他们偿还债务。经济再次增长。

基本问题是,经济将向谁争夺? 是要在银行和华尔街,还是在大街上运行? 好吧,您说我应该担任美联储和财政部的顾问。 他们不会理会我所说的任何事情,因为他们管理着华尔街的经济。 如您所见,美联储自2008年以来就制造了一种量化宽松病毒。首先,为奥巴马的救助计划投入10万亿美元,然后又有XNUMX万亿美元准备增加到XNUMX万亿美元,基本上只是购买股票和债券,并推高XNUMX%的资产价格。

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因此,美联储基本上正在反对大街。 它只为自己的选区(即商业银行)工作,而不是试图思考经济如何摆脱债务负担? 它肯定无法摆脱债务,因为没人能赚到足够的钱来进行摊销,也就是还清本金。 他们所能做的就是尝试支付当前的利息费用。 因此,经济已经陷入困境。 这就是我要解决的问题 杀死主机 以及我写的所有书和所有的采访。

艾伦·布朗:[00:06:51]我完全同意所有这些。 您提到了这四个半兆,这是杠杆作用。 我只是想知道,他们如何摆脱呢? 我的意思是,这不是银行。 他们为什么要十对一? 他们可以做100:XNUMX。 美联储可以随时发行。 我想我对美联储的基本问题之一是,人们说他们实际上可能破产,资产负债表不平衡等等。 他们实际上有一个重要的资产负债表吗?

迈克尔·哈德森(Michael Hudson):[00:07:25]当然,他们有资产负债表。 问题是,什么 is 资产负债表? 您在左侧有资产,在右侧有负债和净资产。 美联储可以创建信用/存款,就像银行一样。 如果你去银行想借钱,银行会在电脑上为你开户。 “这是\$100,000 我们存入您的支票账户。 去买房子或做任何事情。” 作为交换,银行拥有一项资产,要求您偿还利息。 好吧,美联储也可以在其资产负债表上做任何事情。 它可以告诉公司和银行,“我们是自由女神像:把你可怜的垃圾贷款给我们,把你的坏账给我们,把所有的垃圾都给我们,我们将创造一笔存款——每美元 100 美分它 - 我们将收取您所有的不良贷款。 我们知道贷款无法偿还,因为经济无法偿还。”

On the asset side of the balance sheet, we’ll say we have the claim against you. And we will then give you the money for it. And we will try to make sure that we don’t have to lose money on these assets that we’ve let you pledge to us, because we’re going to keep bidding up the market higher and higher. We can do that not only by buying stocks, junk bonds and packaged mortgages, but we can do financial tricks.

You mentioned Paul Craig Roberts before, former Undersecretary of the Treasury for International Affairs. He told me that what the Federal Reserve is doing these days is manipulating the forward market. It will go into Wall Street and it will say, “We promise to buy the Dow Jones average at 50 points higher than it is today, next week.” Well, once it makes a promise to buy, the speculators will see that and they will begin to bid up the prices to what the Federal Reserve promises to pay for the stocks. It can keep doing that, week after week and month after month and it can keep pushing up the stock market. That’s how it pushes up the bond market by promising to buy bonds at a higher and higher price. That means that an existing bond will yield less interest income. They can just continue to inflate the economy with credit, like a Ponzi scheme.

So the Federal Reserve is the official Ponzi scheme that keeps finance capitalism operating in the United States. Obviously, at some point every exponential growth scheme has to stop, because otherwise you’d have an infinite amount of debt. So at a certain point, the Fed will sit down with the main Wall Street firms and the main billionaires that are behind these firms, and say, “Well, you know, the game is over. We’ve got to let it go.” These investors will say, “OK, we’ll take the money and run.” That’s what a lot are all doing already. “We’re going to buy gold. We’re going to buy real estate in New Zealand, so we have somewhere to run to when the economy collapses.” They’re just going to drop everything, sell out and there will be a crash with the pension funds and the small savers who aren’t in on the game, losing whatever they have.

Ellen Brown: [00:11:27] This goes on over and over. My question about the Fed’s balance sheet, though, does their balance sheet have to balance?

Michael Hudson: [00:11:35] Every balance sheet balances, because any transaction is a balance. If you’re a physicist talking about a man falling flat on his face, that’s equilibrium. Anything can be looked at as a duality of two sides of the same coin. The two sides are assets and liabilities. And if I promise to pay you \$100,000 for a broken down car, I can say that I have an asset worth \$100,000, and you have a \$100,000 IOU from me. That balances. It’s just not a realistic balance. So balance sheets do have to balance, but they don’t have to be realistic.

Ellen Brown: [00:12:24] Of course. I think we need a universal basic income. And you think we need a debt jubilee and we need to discuss what those are. But let’s say they’re paid by the Federal Reserve. The argument against that is that, like real helicopter money where you just drop money on the people, you can’t bring it back and therefore it would be inflationary, whereas what they do is supposedly reversible. So if you buy an asset, you’re putting money into the economy. And then if the economy overheats, as they say, then you can always sell the asset back and pull the money back and shrink the money supply. And you can’t do that with the UBI or writing off debts or all those various things. But it seems to me that they never can reverse their quantitative easing anyway. What do you say to that argument?

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Michael Hudson: [00:13:17] You’re quite right. Remember, the Federal Reserve helicopter only flies over Wall Street. It doesn’t fly over the economy. All this \$4.5 trillion of quantitative easing, and all the \$2 trillion that it’s created under the Trump by the CARES Act – all this could have been spent into the real economy. It could have been spent building infrastructure. It could have been spent supporting basic income. It could have been spent on the people and Main Street. Instead, it was only spent on Wall Street. The idea is that if you buy an asset, you can always make a profit. That created the middle class from 1945 to about 2008. The way that almost all the middle-class wealth in America was accumulated was through the rising price of housing. In other words, every family that bought a house had to pay more and more of its income, and a higher and higher price to get a house. That’s enriched the people who were fortunate enough to have been able to buy real estate in 1945: white people, not blacks, not Hispanics; they were red-lined. But if you were a white person with a job, you could get onto the middle-class debt treadmill, and actually make it work for you – for a while.

Everybody thought that they could just keep borrowing money to make an even larger asset-price gain. Remember, in 2006, 07 and 08, people thought that if you borrow as much as you can, forget the interest rate, you can pay back the banks out of the rising price of the housing. But then the housing price stopped and you had nine or 10 million families lose their homes in the great Obama foreclosures. He said, “Either I can support the banks or I can support my voters. Who am I going to support? Well, the banks are my campaign contributors and I’m going to support my donor class.” He invited them to the White House and said, “I’m the guy standing between you and the mob with pitchforks.” the voters for me, the people that Hillary called the deplorables. He said, “I’ll protect you,” and he did indeed. No banker went to jail. He gave the banks enormous amounts of money, at the cost of the 10 million families that he exploited. The cost was stopping industrialization in this country, stopping the domestic market and bringing on the Obama depression.

That’s the policy that Biden is committed to follow. He committed himself in the last few days, saying that his intention to get re-elected is not to appeal to Bernie Sanders or the left or the working class, but to try to get enough Republicans to vote for him that he can beat Trump. He’s supporting the position he pushed as vice president, supporting the banks, trying to write down Social Security, cut back Social Security, cut back Medicare, cut back social spending in order to give to the donor class on Wall Street. So we’re going to see Obama with an exclamation point with the Biden-Republican program likely to come to this country.

Ellen Brown: [00:16:35] We’re in a sorry state, I think. So your proposal then would be that we have a debt jubilee. So can you describe what that is and where the term came from and how you would actually do it?

Michael Hudson: [00:16:50] The term 欢乐 came from the Bible. It was pronounced “约贝尔.” The J was pronounced Y, as in Spanish and Hebrew. “Yobel” was the term used in Leviticus 25, saying that every 50 years you will cancel the debts, and you will free the debt servants who’ve been subjected to bondage, and you’ll return all of the slaves that have been pledged to creditors as the main collateral to the debtor, and you’ll return the land that they also lost. The 约贝尔 was the horn that was blown on the jubilee to signal it. But the word that they used in addition to 约贝尔or, which was a cognate to the Babylonian word 安德鲁鲁姆. It had been used ever since the Hammurabi and the Babylonian dynasty back in 1750 BC. Hammurabi, like every other member of his dynasty, started his reign by claiming an anderarum, a clean slate, a debt cancellation. He did this because he realized that debts grew faster than the ability to pay. If you didn’t write down the debts, you would have much of the population falling into debt to the creditors, including wealthy members in the palace bureaucracy. Hammurabi and other Near Eastern rulers realized that if you let people fall into debt to the creditors, they would have to spend their labor working for the creditors on their land, and wouldn’t be able to work on the public corvée infrastructure work. They wouldn’t be able to build palaces or walls, and they wouldn’t be able to pay their crops as taxes, because they’d owe it as interest to their creditors.

The reason I mentioned Hammurabi and selected him is because in his laws. You have the first example of an Act of God clause. One of Hammurabi’s laws said that if there is an act of God, if the storm God Adad floods the fields with water and you can’t harvest the crop, or if there’s a drought, then you don’t have to pay the rents or tax debts. “You’re freed from the debts because we don’t want you to fall into bondage to the creditors, because then you’d pay them the surplus and we wouldn’t have it at the palace.” And in other parts of his laws he said if there’s an epidemic, if there is a sickness, or if there’s a military defeat, then debts are cancelled because the whole idea is we’re not going to let the money that people owe grow to such a large rate that the economy shrinks and people fall into bondage. He knew very well that if the population fell into bondage, then either they would defect. There was constant warfare. Either they’d go over to somebody else’s side, or there’d be a revolution and they would overthrow the ruler and cancel the debts.

Attempts to overthrow rulers who didn’t cancel the debts were made all through Greek and Roman antiquity, from the eighth century BC down to the time of the first century B.C. in Rome. There were constant debtor revolts. The question ever since Roman times has been, what do you do when the debts get too large to pay? Well, the debts were simply written down in the Near East. They were not written down in Rome. Instead, you had a small oligarchy taking over the economy and enslaving or reducing most of the population to bondage. The result was the Dark Age.

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So to get back to your question, how do you cancel the debts? Look at what’s happening right now with the virus. A lot of people are unemployed – what’s the number 20 million or 40 million unemployed? They’re not able to pay their rents or, if they bought a house, they’re not able to pay their mortgage and other debts. So rents and mortgages are going unpaid. Beginning in July, and especially in August, there’s talk of large-scale evictions. Millions of Americans who’ve lost the job will not get any more money from the government. They’ve had to use the stimulus money just to buy food on the table and break even. So if you don’t write down the debts for these people, if you don’t cancel the rents and say, “OK, we know that you didn’t have a job, you can’t pay the rent.”

The same is true for businesses, especially for restaurants. If you don’t free them from the rents, then they’re going to go out of business and they’ll be unemployed. And, you’re going to have a gigantic homeless problem in the United States. You can just imagine the political results of all that. For one thing, now that the rents aren’t being paid, homeowners have been saying … and businesses, restaurants and stores … that they have insurance against the interruption of business. The insurance companies, which are just as crooked as the banks in this country, are saying, “Well, we can’t afford to pay you. It’s true, you got insurance, but if we paid you, then we’d go broke. So we’re not going to pay you.”

And the landlords, meanwhile, say, “Well, if we don’t get the rent, then we can’t pay the banks and the banks will foreclose.” That’s one reason why Wall Street is soaring. This is a bonanza for the really rich billionaires and multibillionaires and big companies like Blackstone. They think, “Oh, boy, there’s going to be another wave of foreclosures. Trump is doing as wonderful a job for us as Obama did.” Under Obama, homeownership fell from 57 percent to about 51 percent. And now there’s so many people who’ve been unable to pay their mortgages, that they’re going to lose their homes. The banks will sell the homes and office buildings in a convulsion of sell offs. Blackstone and other speculators are all going to be able to get rich and homeownership is going to plunge in the United States by another five points. We’ll be turning away from being a home-owning middle-class society into a 食利者 society that’s more and more impoverished. That is the result of what’s going to happen if the debts are not written down.

So the question is, is it really worth subjecting the economy to poverty, to homelessness, to close down businesses, to end the middle class in order to pay debts to the financial class that have made all the gains and growth since 2008? Or do we want to say, “OK, the debts can’t be paid.” That means that the mortgages won’t be paid, the loans won’t be paid, and some of these trillions of dollars that the financial sector and the Five Percent and the One Percent have made are going to be given back? Well, the One Percent says, “We’re not going to give back a penny. We are going to insist that the debts be paid. It’s worth it to us to impoverish the economy so we can get richer, even if by getting one dollar, we’re willing to make the economy lose a billion dollars because that’s all we care about.” That’s the point at which the American economy has reached today. Most of the discussions in the mainstream press don’t spell out the fact that if the economy does not write down the debts, we’re in for a chronic depression that will last until the debts ,那恭喜你, finally written down.

Ellen Brown: [00:25:47] So if you were to write them down, it would have to be up to Congress, like you say. I mean, they’re the only one with the leverage to do it. They’ve got control.

Michael Hudson: [00:25:56] Or, it can be up to the people in a revolution. In Rome there were revolutions to do it.

Ellen Brown: [00:26:01] That’s true. I think there are a few Congresspeople we could get to bring a bill or something. How would you do it? Would the banks just write off those mortgages or, you know, there are some landlords who … like little old ladies who have rented out some rooms and that’s their income, for example. I mean, there are some people that really probably don’t deserve to be in that position. But the banks, we definitely don’t seem to mind writing down their loans. I just wondered exactly, if you were to have the ability to implement such a law, how would you write it?

Michael Hudson: [00:26:38] You have to let nature take its course. You have to let the banks go under. You had a wonderful chance in 2008 for the banks to go under. We’ve spoken before on this show about what the FDIC proposed under Sheila Bair. She said, “Look, the most incompetent, worst-managed bank in the worst trouble is Citibank.” She said, “We could have taken it over.” There was enough money in Citibank to pay all the insured depositors. The speculators, stockholders and some bondholders would have been wiped out. But the bondholders are the wealthiest One Percent. We could have taken it out. And then, Citibank could have been operated as a public bank, which is what you’re talking about.

The fact is that banking should be a public utility. Privatized banking has not really helped the economy, because it makes loans basically against collateral. When you make loans against collateral – the house, real estate, corporate stocks and bonds – the effect of bank lending is to increase the price of this collateral. You end up with a high-priced economy: high housing prices, high retirement-income prices, high insurance prices. And you can’t have a viable public banking system built on the wreckage of the commercial banking system that has almost committed suicide, as you’ve described. You’re not going to be able to go forward.

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You can’t simply return to normalcy because normalcy was a situation that brought us to this problem to begin with. You can’t simply keep lending, bailing out the banks and giving them more and more money to increase the debt more and more, because at a certain point the debt can’t be sustained. There will be a write-down of debts, one way or another. The question is, how will the debts be written down when they can’t be paid? Either you’re going to have foreclosures, which was the Obama and the Biden Democratic Party solution, or you’ll have the creditors and the banking system lose. If you were to rewrite the laws to take away all of the special tax favoritism for the financial sector, all the special deregulation and favoritism for the banks, they’d go under and the government could easily take them over and operate them as public banks, more and more like savings banks used to be. They wouldn’t necessarily be able to create credit except for public-authorized purposes. They wouldn’t be able to make the takeover loans, the predatory payday loans, and the other kinds of predatory finance that the commercial banking system has become in this country. So the problem isn’t simply a debt write-down; it’s to restructure the financial system to make it into a public utility instead of a private monopoly.

Ellen Brown: [00:29:54] Right. I totally endorse that. That sounds great. So, I saw you wrote recently about the question of whether it wouldn’t be inflationary doing all these bailouts. You said no, that we’re actually in an era of deflation, and basically the way the Fed has been doling out money to the financial sector makes the deflation issue worse. Can you explain that?

Michael Hudson: [00:30:24] There are two kinds of prices in the economy. One is prices for goods and services that people buy: the consumer price index for food, clothing, shelter; the other is the price of assets. What we have is asset-price inflation. The banks have been bailed out to lend more and more money against assets, that is, the collateral that they lend against. So banks have created this huge rise in housing prices. The basis of middle-class wealth has been created by banks increasing the price of real estate, the price of stocks and bonds. But increasing the price of real estate means that in order to buy a home of your own, or in order to rent a home, you have to pay more of your income to the financial sector, to the banks for the mortgage. Rent is for paying interest. Speculators, absentee owners, and real estate developers will borrow money from a bank in order to pay all of the rent basically for interest. What they’re after is the capital gain – the price rise. But as prices rise for real estate, stocks and bonds, the rest of the population has to pay more income, not only for housing but for a retirement income, and for monopoly goods and services. We turn into a 食利者 economy. More and more income is paid for economic rent, not for profits, not for wages, not for goods and services, but as a carrying charge for assets that are financed by bank credit. This is where the financial sector undercuts the economy.

This is not capitalism, in the sense that it is not industrial capitalism. It’s not what people expected in the 19th century. Finance capitalism can be thought of as the failure of industrial capitalism to free economies from rent and interest and from the legacy of feudalism. The finance capitalism that we have is the road back to feudalism. It’s neofeudalism. It’s neoserfdom. It’s turning the population into debt serfs, debt peons who have to pay all of the income that they have to the creditor, and don’t have enough money to buy goods and services. So of course, goods and services prices are actually falling, because people don’t have enough money to buy them. That’s because more and more of their income is paid for access to financialized housing, financialized public utilities and financialized monopoly services.

Ellen Brown: [00:33:09] That’s my argument too. You could pour money into the real economy in the form of universal basic income or any other kind of helicopter money, relieving student debts, etc. And because that economy is actually short on money, it would fill that gap, the difference between debt and the money available to repay it. And the money that trickles up, that goes into the other … There are actually two economies and the money that goes into the financialized economy never comes back. I wish I could prove that, but it seems to me you can just see that that’s true. There’s only so many shoes you can buy. All the rest of your big money goes to big things like bribing politicians or buying Iowans their yachts or something like that.

Michael Hudson: [00:33:57] There’s a simple explanation. The money doesn’t go back to the real economy, the production and consumption economy. The goes into the financial economy. It is recycled into bidding up the price of houses and stocks and bonds. And this price can go down and it can disappear. It can be eradicated, and always is in a financial collapse. So the question is, what is the economy? There are really two economies. There’s the production and consumption economy of workers producing goods and services, and buying what they produce. And there’s the financial economy. It’s really more than the financial economy. It’s the finance, insurance and real estate sector — the FIRE sector. When the money goes out of the goods and service economy into the rent and interest economy, it goes from the 99 Percent into the hands of the One Percent. So you can have the Main Street — the 95 or 99 percent of the population — and the financial economy that are becoming very much like the hereditary landlord class that ruled Europe off in the Middle Ages until the 19th century when industrial capitalism was supposed to free economies from this predatory class.

Industrial capitalism seemed to be taking off until World War I, but World War I changed everything. Since then, you have had a degeneration of industrial capitalism into its antithesis finance capitalism, which is really a fall back into neofeudalism and neoserfdom. Where will the Americans emigrate to when there are no jobs and they lost their houses?

Ellen Brown: [00:35:43] Yeah, they’ll go to Mexico. I saw a joke about that, something about, “Are you coming in or going out?”

Michael Hudson: [00:35:48] Well, they’d better learn Spanish.

Ellen Brown: [00:35:50] Yeah. Yeah. Saw another joke it was the Statue of Liberty said, “Another year like this and gone back to France.” Yeah, well, it’s been great talking to you.

Michael Hudson: [00:36:03] By the way, the Statue of Liberty holding the torch, that iconography occurs very early in civilization. When Hammurabi cancelled the debts, he raised the sacred torch. And the announcement “the ruler has raised the sacred torch” was a symbol in Babylonia for proclaiming a debt cancellation.

Ellen Brown: [00:36:27] Oh cool. We have that right in New York Harbor.

Michael Hudson: [00:36:30] Yes.

Ellen Brown: [00:36:31] Okay, that’s great. All right. Well, it’s been wonderful talking to you, as always.

Michael Hudson: [00:36:36] The same here. I hope we can get into more details next time.

(从重新发布 艾伦·布朗(Ellen Brown)是我们的钱 经作者或代表的许可)
 
• 类别: 经济学 •标签: 银行业, 债务, 美联储 
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  1. We are extremely lucky on UR to have such a giant, the best economist in the world, explaining this, telling us of our terrible peril, and explaining the simple, 简单 remedy that the vultures don’t want us to know. Because it would reduce them from multi-billionaires to multi-millionaires.

    • 回复: @mark tapley
  2. Speculators, absentee owners, and real estate developers will borrow money from a bank in order to pay all of the rent basically for interest. What they’re after is the capital gain – the price rise.

    Gee, and here I’ve been investing for total return all this time. I didn’t know I was required to be severely overleveraged to play the game, except that there is ample evidence that there is little downside for the 0.1% to go down that path.

    The finance capitalism that we have is the road back to feudalism. It’s neofeudalism. It’s neoserfdom. It’s turning the population into debt serfs, debt peons who have to pay all of the income that they have to the creditor, and don’t have enough money to buy goods and services.

    Perhaps, but if private finance is the road to serfdom for most, public finance would be the superhighway to serfdom for nearly all but a few of the current crop of criminal elite. Who do you think will be running public finance? The same criminal elite running today’s financial capitalism.

    There might be some pockets of deflation, chiefly in debt assets, but in the real consumer economy you are going to see the mother of all inflation bombs hit as money shaken off the Magic Money Tree (nothing of value traded for value) chases a reduced supply of real goods that were produced with correspondingly lower inputs of real and human capital (value for value).

    As for jubilee, it might let off some steam, but it is nothing more than letting one corner of the criminal elite continue to hold onto the reigns of power and plunder by letting another corner of the criminal elite take it in the shorts. In a functioning capitalist society, this would work its way out in bankruptcy courts on the margins in individual cases, i.e. a “market” mechanism that might hurt a few, rather than a political broadsword that hurts most.

    • 同意: mark tapley
  3. barr 说:

    I wonder if Mr Hudson can throw some light on the angles around the sex,debt and the sin . How did sex come to occupy such a central place in Bible and how did the debt get banished from the New Testament as an issue of the prime importance ?

    • 回复: @mark tapley
    , @A. Hipster
  4. Jedi Night 说:

    Jubilee is not that complicated. Debts that are owed directly to the government, like student loans, can be directly written off by the government. This is jubilee like the ancient kind.

    For private debts, the treasury can create as much electronic money as it needs. Treasury can issue direct payments to the debt holders in the name of the debtors, paying off the debt, without violating any private contacts. Bonus: the money never even enters the consumer economy to cause inflation.

    Creation of public banks and common sense reforms of mortgage underwriting laws, anti usury laws, bankruptcy laws, and so on, could prevent it from getting this bad again.

    Where is any of this even being mentioned in the popular narrative? Using their media megaphone, they have hijacked everyone’s brains with countless distractions.

    • 回复: @mark tapley
  5. There is always in every society those that do not want to compete in the market but rather use their connections to make society work for them. This is the situation now with the global banking cartel and our unconstitutional central bank. Congress has given them sovereign immunity from prosecution as evident in the bailout for billionaire programs of -08-09 and again now in their thefts under the cover of the fake virus to steal trillions for their friends on Wall St.

    The inflationary cycles created by the central bank as before the Great Depression and before the housing boom cause a misallocation in the market that is used by the politically connected to their advantage. The fiat money system also moves the wealth to the top since they are the first to gain access to the money before it filters on down through the economy. The banking cartel’s control of fiat money allows for the permanent warfare – welfare state because instead of taxing the goyim directly for our never ending Wars For Greater Israel that the people would revolt against or facing the inability to borrow (issue bonds) the Zionists just use the indirect and most insidious method to finance their rackets.

    If we had remained on a system where money was gold and silver as demanded for market transactions, every bank would have to stand or fall on its own integrity and normal market forces would control prices, not a cartel of financial criminals. Money is too important to be put in the hands of any group and that includes the so called “public banks” which would still be under the banking cartel as we are now.

    The debt forgiveness that Hudson refers to is dealing with ancient subsistence agriculture for the most part. Not a situation where some college kid racks up 100,000 in debt to be a fashion designer or someone is trying to get rich flipping houses. It’s easy to overload the wagon with debt but the fiat monetary inflationary system causes a maladjustment in the market and leads to the boom and bust cycles that make sound decisions more difficult. Who would lend money if the gov. could arbitrarily abolish the debt. Access to capitol is critical for business development and the government needs to be kept out of our business dealings as the founders intended.

    Government needs to be off our back and out of our pockets. For the gov. to have any power other than to perform very basic functions as outlined in our original constitution is just an invitation to further corruption. A good example of government at work is not only the massive military waste for the Israeli Foreign Legion (U.S. military) but the 15 trillion in welfare spending since shabbos goy LBJ began the Great Society Programs in the 60’s to eliminate poverty. Poverty is now worse than ever. How can you fight poverty by robbing money from the productive members of society and giving it to non producers to subsidize their nonproductively. Now we have the new program of eliminating millions of jobs and businesses for a fake virus that has not even been scientifically identified.

    • 回复: @paranoid goy
  6. @Jedi Night

    There’s no free lunch. Once the government got involved in student loans things started getting out of control just like in the medical system. If the gov had stayed out of both the market would have provided the best deal at the best price. And kids would have been more careful about borrowing money for worthless courses. The same is true for housing. This bubble was planned all the way back to Reagan. The Too Big to Fail Bankers with full gov. cooperation set up the derivative racket knowing they could short sell the fraud and then get their flunkies in Congress to bail them out so they could pay off the rich 1% bondholders. Yeah lets get the gov. more involved.

  7. @barr

    The Parable of the Talents is found in Matt. 25:14-30. 1 Corinthians 6:9-11 and 1 Timothy 1:8-11 deal with sexual sin but there are several others in the New Testament. Matt.18:21-35 deals with debt from the Christian perspective. Whereas the Law of Moses (for the Jewish Nation only before the coming of Christ) just rolled sins forward through the offering of sacrifices and was specific in the letter of the law (do this don’t do that) the New Law of Christ is more of an adoption of principles by example. Debt is covered but the New Testament is very concise. The aim of the writers was not to give financial advice but to guide one to accept the Gospel Of Christ.

    • 回复: @Barr
  8. 自从格林斯潘大师通过连续30年的格林斯潘看跌期权利用我们的期货以来,华尔街就知道资产通货膨胀,这反过来又使华尔街能够进一步利用黑池衍​​生品领域。

    就投资银行和银行控股公司而言,所有投资都是通过衍生工具与这些暗池挂钩的,因此,黑池衍生品领域是哈德森教授所无法解决的。

    拯救暗池衍生品世界绝对是不可能的,因为它们经营着一个博彩帝国,其规模远远大于整个世界GDP的总和。

    哈德森教授知道,自从雷曼兄弟在08年内爆以来,暴力革命是唯一的行动方针。马克思预言了暴力革命,教授。 当暴力革命是唯一的理性选择时,为什么您主张宽恕债务?

    RW

    • 回复: @Justvisiting
    , @mark tapley
  9. @Robert White

    There is actually another alternative–very nasty but it has been very common throughout history.

    军事独裁者负责,并命令谁得到什么。

    任何坚持认为自己受到不公平待遇(无论是否合理)的人都可以通过开除小队继续他们的辩论。

    • 回复: @mark tapley
  10. ” Obviously, at some point every exponential growth scheme has to stop, because otherwise you’d have an infinite amount of debt.”

    Nut of one reads the Fed’s policy papers they will state openly that debt is how n economy is run. The point of money circulation and expansion is based on lending. The argument seems to be not whether one can have infinite debt, but how large that deb can be and still have an operating economy.

    As long as there is growth . . .

    • 回复: @mark tapley
  11. @Robert White

    衍生品曾是To Big To Fail银行成员的主权银行卡特尔的一大赚钱者。 建立前期公司做空垃圾衍生品,同时从债券投资者那里赚钱。 然后,在国会中让缺乏shabbos goy的人摆脱困境,以拯救富有的债券持有人。

    自从1913年木偶演员伍德罗·威尔逊(Woodrow Wilson)在他的犹太人操纵下安装了法定金融系统以来,中产阶级已经几乎被其彻底消灭了。 马克思(Moses Mordecai Levy)是这些垄断资本家的代理人。 他倡导这种制度。

    反对银行卡特尔将不会有任何革命。 很少有人对法定货币球拍有所了解。 Goyim在08-09年被骗了数万亿美元,现在又在假病毒的掩盖下被骗了。 相信带有虚假测试并捏造数字的神话病毒的人会愚蠢地反抗聪明的掠夺性金融罪犯。 他们将继续逐渐将其呼出的二氧化碳吸入,并逐渐纳入联合国计划的《 2-2030年议程》。

    • 回复: @Robert White
  12. @EliteCommInc.

    It depends on the size of the economy. Under the monopoly banking cartel in power, without credit mostly issued by the member banks there would be no money. This scheme allows for the fiat funding of permanent war for Greater Israel while also funding the continued expansion of the Zionist controlled big government. In a large economy as in Jewmerica this process can go as it has for a long time. Since the banking cartel in the U.S. was set up by the Rothschild partner Paul Warburg in 1910 and maneuvered through Congress by Nelson Aldrich in 1913 (Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller’s grand father) the rate of inflation (depreciation) has been ap. 50% every 17 years. It will increase now after so much recent theft by the global bankers for their friends on Wall St.

    It is only because Jewmerica has had such a dynamic economy built on free enterprise that this continuous inflationary theft has been able to continue so long without ruining the economic engine of real growth, Now that the once preeminent middle class of America has been hollowed out by the Zionist socialists in control, Jewmerica can soon be more comfortably merged with the other third world countries on our journey into the socialist tyranny of global government.

  13. Barr 说:
    @mark tapley

    “The aim of the writers was not to give financial advice but to guide one to accept the Gospel Of Christ.”

    Back in those days, church was the source of all necessary advices Church leaders were the h teachers and guides . They should have done their jobs a little better than they did .
    You cant know much about acceptance of Jeuss if those with one could buy you and turn you into slaves and then out of sheer contempt make fun of Jesus -the savior. You need money

    Also Church advised a lot about sex and sex and fornication . That had nothing to do with accepting Jeuss

    I just wanted to see the connection between debt and sin and evolution of teh idea

    • 回复: @mark tapley
  14. @Barr

    I think you are confusing the first century Church as laid out in the New Testament with the Catholic Church that did not appear until over 200 years later and subverted the Gospel. The New Testament authorizes only Elders or as they were sometimes called Bishops as leaders of individual autonomous congregations. Not over more than one. There are no priests authorized because Christ is the advocate and intercedes on behalf of those who are in his body or his Church.

    The only advice a true Elder of the Church could give on any religious matter would be what is contained in the scriptures. Nothing more or less.

    Revelations: 22-18-19
    18因为我为每一个听到这本书预言的人作证,如果有人加上这些话,上帝就要补充这本书所写的瘟疫。

    19如果有人从这个预言书的话中摘下来,神必将他的一部分从生命的书中出来,从圣城和本书所写的东西中夺走。

    • 回复: @anon
  15. @mark tapley

    您不知道10年2008月11日上午00:10左右贝尔斯登时间纽约市发生了什么。 证券交易委员会(SEC)将永远不会透露谁在回购市场上做空贝尔斯登(Bear Stearns),因为他们陷入了财务遗忘。 您根本不知道金融机构已于08年XNUMX月XNUMX日完全内脏。您将雷曼兄弟倒台后的建筑崩溃归咎于犹太人,但您没有意识到他们没有逻辑上的理由来破坏西方帝国的金融体系储备银行业务。

    贝尔斯登(Bear Stearns)出于战略目的于10年08月11日被彻底杀害,使下一条生产线被彻底屠杀,这距CIA摧毁了世贸中心2008号,911号和1号楼的2 7年正好是XNUMX年。拆除。

    10年08月XNUMX日是西方帝国的闹剧之日,整个全球银行体系结构都因华尔街的连通性以及他们思想不周的金融演算而崩溃。

    最后,我意识到您是一个失落的人,但实际上没有人呼吁将犹太人贝尔斯登(Bear Stearns)等人谋杀归咎于犹太人。 犹太人并未通过贝尔斯登(Bear Stearns)于10年2008月11日纽约时间上午00:XNUMX左右摧毁西方分数储备银行帝国。

    甚至犹太人都不知道在10年08月XNUMX日那次决定性的早晨所表现的是什么。此外,如果我再一次引起您对犹太人的种族歧视行为,我将不再与您互动,也不会再与您仇恨生活在这个世界上的人类。

    真诚的,罗伯特

    • 回复: @mark tapley
  16. @Justvisiting

    The scenario you refer to is the course intended by the Zionists as taught by the Frankfurt School. They cannot achieve their goal of a global socialist tyranny of the elite unless governments are converted into Zionist Jew controlled “Democracies” by demoralizing and then destabilizing the goyim. This process has been underway in Jewmerica for over 100 years.

    First all of the former societies traditions, culture, teachings, mores and symbols of the target country must be vilified and thrown out to be replaced by the new politically correct ideology. This is to be accompanied by widespread desecration, looting, assaults and general lawlessness on the prevailing society. Once the situation deteriorates sufficiently the people will demand the gov. do something. This is when the dictatorship is revealed and martial law declared. Then the looters and agitators will be swept from the streets as planned all along and the new order established.

  17. @Robert White

    贝尔斯登只是华尔街的一名球员。 我所指的欺诈是犹太人在高曼(Golman Sachs)担任的空头职位。 他们成立了一家领先的公司,放置了空头头寸,赚了超过550亿美元。然后,纳税人为其富有的债券持有人提供了担保。 我相信花旗银行获得了最大的救助,尽管他们喜欢其他的“大到倒”银行也都拥有足够的资金来偿还其定期存款。 他们应该留给失败,然后其他人会接管他们。 这些欺诈性银行的原则应受到起诉,而不是巨额收益。 到明年,他们已经提供了数百万美元的奖金。 他们有主权豁免权,不受我们IPA控制的国会的威胁,而高盛的犹太人是最大的罪魁祸首。 当他们从欺诈中获得超过XNUMX亿美元的罚款时,他们可以负担XNUMX亿美元的罚款。

    这些大银行和其他一些大银行都是美联储的所有者,他们知道纳税人会捡拾自己的欺诈行为。 自犹太人格林斯潘(Jew Greenspan)和木偶演员里根(Reagan)以来,他们一直在改变投资银行业的规则。

    根据我对Wilson的评论,您可以查看谁真正为您自己进行了手术。 华尔街帮派利用虚假的公牛麋党中的特迪·罗斯福(Teddy Roosevelt)在塔夫脱(Taft)上投票,使他上台。 威尔逊由罗斯柴尔德特工Col House,伯纳德·巴鲁克(Bernard Baruch)和尤金·梅耶(Eugene Meyer)控制。 他几乎整个第二学期都感到昏昏欲睡。 威尔逊还被迫提名狂热的犹太复国主义者犹太人路易斯·布兰迪斯到最高法院。 在管理这个梅毒木偶威尔逊期间,罗斯柴尔德犹太人的合伙人詹姆斯·沃堡(James Warburg)撰写了所谓的《联邦储备法案》,该法案是由参议员纳尔逊·奥尔德里奇(纳尔逊·奥尔德里奇·洛克菲勒的祖父)在国会通过的,该法案是所有盗窃和腐败行为的先驱从那以后受全球银行卡特尔的青睐。

    没有大的灾难。 如果“大失败”银行不会从纳税人那里得到救助,让我们的孩子和他们的孩子有义务,那么与银行理论和犹太人控制的MSM所说的相反,这只会对那些银行造成灾难(正如我所说的那样)保证金)和1%的债券持有人。 没有别人了。

    Let me clarify my position. on the Jews because you bring up a point that many people would probably take the same way but that is not my intention. I am referring to the Zionist Jews only. I just don’t spell it all out every time because most people probably know that. There are many Jews that are opposed to The Jewish nationalism that is the foundation for the criminal syndicate that founded the so called FED and has driven the world wars as they now do with the “War on Terror” to fulfill the Yinnon Plan for Greater Israel. Their are many gentiles also involved. A good example is the senile crook and self described Zionist Joe Biden. Trump has always been controlled by this group. Pelosi is even on video stating her father “was a shabbos goy.” I never discussed Bear Stearns. I was referring to the activities of Goldman Sachs.

    The banking cartel fiat monopoly is the Zionists no.1 tool to conquer the nations and ruin the people. This racket gives the criminal syndicate financial control over the country. Once that is accomplished the rest of the globalist Agenda is just a matter of time. As James Warburg (member of the global banking controlled CFR) told Congress in 1950 “We shall have world government, wether or not we like it.

    • 回复: @Jedi Night
  18. anon[327]• 免责声明 说:
    @mark tapley

    Revelations: 22-18-19
    18 For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy o…..
    19 And if any man shall take away from the words of the book ..

    谁在乎 ?

    Are you saved? Have you accepted Jesus ? No I haven’t .

    I have other pressing issue than forgiving some psychos like Bush Obama Trump or Reagan who think they are saved just because they accepted Jesus .
    What difference is there between this Biblical testimony and the ritual based paganism that also promises salvation to killers and rapist in exchange for sacrifices or acceptance ?

  19. There are many that profess Christianity. James 2:19 says Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble and Matt. 7:21-23 Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven. The New Testament is clear we cannot continue in sin. Luke 13:3 I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish. Romans 14:11 for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ. For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God. Finally Mark 8:36 or what shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? Or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?

    • 回复: @Anon
  20. @Ann Nonny Mouse

    What simple remedy? Who is going to risk making a loan if the debt is absolved and the contract nullified? Do you think wiping the slate clean will make profligate spenders do better next time? Hudson’s solution is to raise real estate taxes (unearned income) on the financial class in order to prevent debt deflation as a result of the rentiers bidding up real estate values and therefore requiring the big majority of people to have to commit more of their money to the FIRE sector. I realize that lots of this money goes to bid up further real estate investments but that’s still better than giving it to the gov. We need to drastically cut the size and scope of gov. not give them more power and money.

    Hudsons debt Jubille helped maintain the subsistence agriculture peasants loyalty to the ruling aristocracy but would have a very negative effect on savings and investment in a more advanced society.

    Business owners as well as Hudson’s Rentiers many times take advantage of the depreciation allowance. If not for this lots of businesses would not be viable as in many other ways they are often a tax target.

    Had we stayed on course with our original form of government where there was no fiat money banking cartel and no income tax (both planks of Marx- Moses Mordecai Levy) then the big crony government that we have today could not have developed. A lot of damage had been inflicted by the socialists tyranny of Lincoln and the northern radicals but things had returned to a more normal state except for the push by the preeminent social and economic forces of the late 1800’s of the Rockefeller and Morgan (both tied to the Rothschilds) to implement monopoly capitalism with them at the helm.

    Had we stayed on course with free market money of gold and silver and a Republic of sovereign States with a very limited national gov. as a mere agent for the states then taxes would be apportioned according to population and would be very low across the board as the founders intended. Then no one could complain about unfair advantages.

    Yes Hudson is a great economist but I think his debt Jubilee would have a seriously negative effect on investment capital. In a low tax environment everyone could maximize their saving and investment and thats the mainspring of process.

    • 回复: @Jedi Night
  21. Jedi Night 说:
    @mark tapley

    Jubilee doesn’t involve cancellation of contacts. Debts would be cancelled by being paid.

    I used to be libertarian too, so please don’t take my comments as hostile, but all your arguments are basically pointless. Yes, it’s true that none of these problems exist if limited government was followed. Ok, granted. Does that make you feel better? Now, what solution do you offer for today?

    The economy is exploited by a financial oligarchy to enrich themselves, creating a positive feedback loop enhancing their political power which they use to further enhance their economic position. Now, what is your solution?

    If your solution involves returning to the 18th century, you’ll be sent back to the children’s table.

    Seriously, I’ll just put a gold star on your essay, ok. Your libertarian solution sounds great, you’ve done a great intellectual job of pointing out the advantages of a system that existed hundreds of years ago.

    Now, your assignment is to explain why that system changed, and why it cannot be resurrected today. Until you get a passing grade on that essay, you really aren’t qualified to discuss things at the grown-up table, because you aren’t yet engaged with reality.

    P.S., your graduate level assignment is to research how the modern libertarian movement and philosophy is in fact a front, a Judas goat, a false opposition, which actually is serving the interests of the oligarchy.

    I realize that this is probably just a waste of time, that you have found your intellectually satisfying end point in libertarianism, and that you have no inclination towards change or growth. You are probably right now penning your aggressive and derogatory response. I’ve been down this road with libertarians before. I can only say, I was once a libertarian too, and this is offered in the humble hope that you can outgrow your conditioning too.

    • 回复: @mark tapley
    , @james charles
  22. Jedi Night 说:
    @mark tapley

    You are obviously a smart and well read man and deep Christian, and we have much in common. Let me cut directly to what I perceive as our point of fundamental disagreement. You say “The banking cartel fiat monopoly is the Zionists no.1 tool to conquer the nations and ruin the people.”

    My basic point is that the best most workable solution to that problem is to democratize that institution. That is, make the power of sovereign money serve the interests of the people, not the oligarchy.

    The simple reality is that fiat money is not going to disappear. In fact, it has tremendous potential for good. The oligarchy fears nothing more than the democratization of monetary policy.

    Above all, remember this, friend: Jubilee is God’s idea, it is part of His economic plan. I was preaching Jubilee before Steven Keen, Michael Hudson, or Ellen Brown, because I take the Word seriously and I figured out how it could work in our world today.

  23. Dear Jedi Night: I appreciate your sincerity. But like the Apostle Paul before his conversion on the road to Damascus, he was sincerely wrong. You can’t take an inherently corrupt system and make it honest. That is why it was used in the first place.

    Money is a standard of measurement. It cannot be “democratized.” It either meets the criteria for real money within the market as with gold and silver or it does not as is the case with a fiat “elastic” system of financial fraud. That is why it is one of the planks of Marx (Moses Mordecai Levy) Communist Manifesto. It will always be abused by those in control. There are no angels in this world that can be trusted with managing a country’s money, only hard money currency in a free market. There has never been any good come from the banking cartel’s control of fiat money and credit. They can temporarily stimulate the market like a dope addict can get his fix. In the long run the currency is debased using the boom and bust cycle and the wealth is moved to the top. That was the plan all along.

    Now for the arcane idea of the debt Jubilee. This was one of the many things employed during the Law of Moses for the Jewish nation. It was God’s plan then but not today. We are under the Law of Christ and the Law of Moses has been fulfilled and is no longer in effect for either the Jews or the Gentiles. God through the Prophets led the Jews until they demanded to have a king like all the peoples around them. For the rest of their history until God finally divorced them symbolized by the tearing of the veil in their temple they were almost always under the lion’s paw of a foreign ruler or had a despot of their own.

  24. @Jedi Night

    How would the debts be paid? By the banking cartel dumping more fiat money? Yeah, lets just let the unborn pick up the tab while we start the process all over again. Who is going to save and invest in such a financial universe? No serious investor or business owner, thats for sure.

    The financial principles applicable to the 18th century are still just as relevant today. The Bank of England’s monetary fraud started in 1690 has not really changed. The Bank’s fiat money fraud is what led to the American Revolution as confirmed by Franklin. The attempt to force this fraud back on the new country was the reason for the War of 1812 confirmed by Nathan Rothschild. We are under this fraudulent fiat money cartel today.

    This global monetary swindle is not a political issue for those that understand it’s purpose and methods. It is not a left or right issue. It is a basic freedom to have honest money rather than a scam run by financial criminals for the aggrandizement of themselves and their partners in crime. Just because it has been going on for a long time and is sanctioned by their friends and co-conspirators in the government with a legal facade does not redeem it. I don’t think your sarcasm is relevant. Jesus drove the money changers out of the temple because of their iniquity. We need to do the same thing today. I am not gazing out from ivory tower. I did not say it would be easy.

    The global banking cartel has financial control, but they are after total control. As one of their chief culprits James Warburg said in 1950 “we shall have world government, wether or not we like it.” Those of us who oppose this tyranny are not fronts for a false opposition. Exposing them does not serve their interests. When the courageous Congressmen Wright Patman and Jerry Vorhis who felt just as I do were able to put strict limits on their massive interest collection that most people are not even aware of, they were not offering controlled opposition. They and other real Americans have delt the FED real damage. It is you with your snide remarks that plays into the Zionists hands. I will never bow down and rationalizing their financial sin.

  25. @mark tapley

    All behold! We are honoured today by a brand new AI persona, Mark Tapley. Whomever owns this machine, congratulations, it almost passes the Turing test!
    I hope you paid lots for it…

  26. Anon[891]• 免责声明 说:
    @mark tapley

    That’s why those believers – some 70 % signed up for Bush ( aparently no longer a Christian by your book ) wars and later Obama wars . They are still very quiet on the mischiefs Trump has been wrecking in middl East .

    Per your definition, it seems only Christian left is – well none actually.

  27. @Jedi Night

    “The economy is exploited by a financial oligarchy to enrich themselves, creating a positive feedback loop enhancing their political power which they use to further enhance their economic position.”

    完全正确。

    “美国政治的测试理论:精英,利益集团和普通公民
    马丁·吉伦斯(Martin Gilens)和本杰明·本·佩奇(Benjamin I.Page)
    美国政治研究中的四个理论传统中的每一个都可以描述为多数派选举民主,经济精英统治和两种利益集团多元化理论,即多数派多元论和偏见多元论,它们对哪一组政治理论提供了不同的预测。行为者对公共政策有多大影响:普通公民; 经济精英; 以及以大众为基础或面向企业的有组织的利益集团。 大量的经验研究表明,一个或另一组参与者的政策影响力很大,但是直到最近,还不可能在单个统计模型中检验这些相互对立的理论预测。 我们使用唯一的数据集报告了为此所做的努力,该数据集包含针对1,779个政策问题的关键变量的度量。 多元分析表明,代表商业利益的经济精英和有组织的群体对美国政府的政策具有实质性的独立影响,而普通公民和群众利益集团则几乎没有或完全没有独立的影响力。 结果为经济精英统治理论和有偏多元主义理论提供了实质性支持,但没有为多数派选举民主或多数派多元论提供理论支持。 ”
    https://scholar.princeton.edu/sites/default/files/mgilens/files/gilens_and_page_2014_-testing_theories_of_american_politics.doc.pdf

  28. Paul1776 说:

    The debt created by the derivatives industry runs into the quadrillions and easily overshadows all real estate debt. Of course this debt is presented as being cancelled by counter party debt so that my bet on the upside is cancelled by their bet on the downside and the whole thing is a wash implying that the underlying activity of buying and selling derivatives is pointless. The whole enterprise may be pointless but apparently it is enormously lucrative. If my bet offsets your bet where does the money come from to pay our lucrative commissions? Much of society’s problems with debt overhang could be resolved by making derivative contracts unenforceable in any court in the US as a matter of public policy and in conformity with the law covering gambling debts as it existed in the not so distant past.

  29. A. Hipster 说:
    @barr

    the debt didn’t get banished from the NT … if you look various version of the Lord’s Prayer, some of them talk about forgiving debts, some forgiving other violations. Apparently sin is kind of debt to God, and the wage of sin is death, therefore the animal sacrifices in the Temple Judaism and Jesus’ redeeming death.

    Also in the only passage suggesting Jesus could read has him opening the Scroll of Isaiah, and reading aloud: I have come to proclaim the Acceptable Year of the Lord. the Acceptable year = the Jubilee Year.

    Michael Hudson wrote a book on this: “And forgive us our debts”, if memory serves.

    In a recent interview Soros (!!!) was criticizing the German monetary policies explaining it stems from cultural traditions, as the German word “Schuld” means both debt and guilt …

    Sex is connected to the wealth via inheritance in the patriarchal families. The Bible has both occupation with the First Borns/primogeniture which makes sense to guarantee that the accumulated wealth goes to the right guy, but it also has a recurrent theme of swindling the first born out of his inheritance if the guy is a bit of a dim bulb, and there is a smarter, more deserving brother.

    It’s all pretty amazing and fascinating …. for instance the first born son of Abraham was Ishmail, the ancestor of all Arabs, the tradition has it … and the old word for Muslims the Saracene means “against Sarah”, the legit mother of Isaac … apparently the Muslims think that the “joos” forged the Scripture, and Ishmail was the true inheritor of Abraham’s/Ibrahim’s Legacy, and the Bible calling Ishmail’s mother just a slave girl Abe banged is a dirty lie or something …

    Abe heard a voice in his head saying he should sacrifice/holocaust his son on an altar, and what followed connects the animal and human sacrifices and circumcision …

    The sacrificed animals also were to be first borns, and unblemished. Then there is the curious scapegoat sacrifice for unintended sins, like you inadvertently walked over the shadow of a menstruating woman and stuff like that.

    OT explains the birth control is evil, the people of God should breed a lot, and if there’s population pressure, then the neighboring nations practicing a crude form of birth control in the form of child sacrifices to Baal or Moloch should be eradicated and their land and possessions taken.

    Everything in the Bible makes sense.

    In the New Testament (sic!) st Paul explains that the pagan Christians are true inheritors of God via promise, will or “testament” ….

  30. 789 说: • 您的网站

    艾伦布朗,职业骗子和江湖骗子,特洛伊木马渗透者。
    艾伦·布朗建议施瓦辛格为社会主义计划印刷 20,000,000,000 美元。

    似乎哈德森对每个经济问题的首要解决方案是买一本书——他似乎每场合都有一本书。 他应该写一本关于艾伦布朗和其他江湖骗子和他们疯狂想法的书——这也可以解决一些问题。

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